Saturday, July 19, 2008


Harungguan Bolon

There are four tribe original generas Simalungun which is popular with acronym SISADAPUR[3], that is:

* Sinaga

* Saragih

* Damanik

* Ancient

Fourth of this genera is result from “ Harungguan Bolon” ( big parley) between 4 big king not to lit into each other and not be each other inimical ( marsiurupan bani hasunsahan sodium legan, rup mangimbang munssuh).

Fourth of the king adalah[4]:

King Nagur is having genera Damanik

Main article for part of this is: Damanik

Damanik means Simada Manik ( owner of head), in language Simalungun, Manik means Tonduy, Sumangat, Tunggung, Halanigan ( motivateds, having charisma, agung/terhormat, most intelligent).

This king comes from South India noblesse from Kerajaan Nagore. At century ke-12, descendant of this Nagur king gets attack from Indian Raja Rajendra Chola, what results dissipating of they are from Pamatang Nagur in area Pulau Pandan so divided to become 3 part as according to his(its male amounts:

* Dazzled Angry ( is reducing Raja Manik Hasian, King Jumorlang, Raja Sipolha, King Siantar, Tuan Raja Sidamanik and Mr. Port King)

* Soro Tilu ( is reducing king genera Nagur around mount Simbolon: Damanik Nagur, Wind, Hajangan, Rih, Malayu, Rappogos, Obsolescence, Rih, Simaringga, Sarasan, Sola)

* Timo Raya ( is reducing king Bornou, Raja Ula and its(the descendant Damanik Tomok)

Besides coming descendant genera Silau Raja, Ambarita Raja, Gurning Raja, Malau Raja, Limbong, Manik Raja is coming from Pulau Samosir and confess Damanik in Simalungun.

King Banua Sobou is having genera Saragih

Main article for part of this is: Saragih

Saragih in language Simalungun means Simada Ragih, which Ragih means arranging, compiles, arranges, so that simada ragih means Pemilik order or regulator, compiler or [code/law] owner.

Its(the descendant is:

* Saragih Garingging which gone abroad to Ajinembah and back to Raya.

* breed Saragih Sumbayak Mr. Great Tongah, Pamajuhi, and Bona nickel Gonrang.

Saragih Garingging then breaks to become 2, that is:

o Dasalak, becomes king in Padang Badagei

o Dajawak, go abroad to Rakutbesi and Tanah Karo and becomes genera Ginting Jawak.

Although clearly seen that there's only 2 descendant Raja Banua Sobou, at epoch Mr. Rondahaim there are some generas confessing x'self as part of Saragih ( affiliates), that is: Turnip, Sidauruk, Simarmata, Sitanggang, Munthe, Sijabat, Sidabalok, Sidabukke, Simanihuruk.

There is another genera confessing as part of Saragih that is Pardalan Tapian, this genera comes from area Samosir.

House Bolon Ancient King in Ancient Causeway, Simalungun.

House Bolon Ancient King in Ancient Causeway, Simalungun.

[ edit] Ancient Having Genera ancient Banua King

! Main article for part of this is: Ancient

Ancient according to language comes from Sanskrit that is Purwa is meaning east, gelagat a period of coming, pegatur, invitors owner, tenungan knowledge, cendekiawan/sarjana.

Its(the descendant is: Fishpond, Sigumonrong, Tua, Sidasuha ( Sidadolog, Sidagambir). Then there are again Purba Siborom Tanjung, Pakpak, Girsang, Tondang, Sihala, Great.

At century ke-18 there are some genera Simamora from Bakkara through Samosir for then permanent in Haranggaol and confess x'self Purba. Ancient of descendant of this Simamora then becomes Purba Manorsa and lives in Tangga Batu and Purbasaribu.

King Saniang Fragon is having genera Sinaga

article for part of this is: Sinaga

Sinaga means Simada Naga, where Naga in deity mythology known as penebab Gempa and Landslide.

Its(the descendant is genera Sinaga in Kerajaan Tanah Jawa, Batangiou in Asahan.

When empire of Majapahit does expansion in Sumatra at century ke-14, team from Jambi led by Panglima Bungkuk to run away to empire of Batangiou and confess that x'self is Sinaga.

According To Taralamsyah Saragih, ancestors they this then becomes king Tanoh Djawa with genera Sinaga Dadihoyong after s(he gives in Mr. Great The Tonggang genera Sinaga from empire of Batangiou in a ritual confronts oath ( Sibijaon)tideman, 1922

Some Sources is telling that Sinaga descendant of king Tanoh Djawa comes Indian, one of them is is menrurut Mr. breed Gindo Sinaga from Mr. Djorlang Hatara.

Some big families Partongah Raja Tanoh Djawa connects it with area Nagaland ( Fragon Soil;Land;Ground) in East India abuting on Myanmar which of course has many equations with habit, face posture and body anatomy and linguistic with tribe Simalungun and other Batak.

Hotchpotch generas

Original tribe hotchpotch Simalungun with terms in vinicity in Pulau Samosir, Silalahi, Karo, and Pakpak generates new generas. The generas that is:


* Sidauruk

* Sidabalok

* Siadari

* Simarmata

* Simanihuruk


Before the entry of Misionaris Agama Kristen from RMG in the year 1903, resident Simalungun part of east in general have been many embracing Islam while Simalungun Barat to embrace animism. Hindu Teaching and Budha also have ever influenced life in Simalungun, this thing proven by ommission various statues and arca found in some places in Simalungun depicting meaning Trimurti ( Hindu) and Sang Budha riding Gajah ( Budha).

If investigated deeper tribe Simalungun to have various trust relating to usage of incantations from " Herbalist" ( soothsayer) accompanied devoting to ancestors souls the always is preceded call to Tiga Dewa, that is above Dewa ( symbolised with colour Putih), Deity in the middle ( symbolised by ruddling), and Dewa below(under ( symbolised with colour Hitam). 3 colour representing the deitys ( White, Red and Hitam) predominates various ornamen tribe Simalungun from clothes until decoration of its(the house.

Goverment system in Simalungun led by a Raja, before admission Bible news Mr. A real king influential. People Simalungun assumes that child of Raja that is God and Raja itself


" Simalungun" in language Simalungun has headword " lungun" what can have meaning " quiet" or " sorrowful." Hence there are some versions about asal-usul naming of this tribe.

[ edit] Quiet

At empire epoch Nagur, there are some commanders ( King Goraha) that is each bermarga[2]:

* Saragih

* Sinaga

* Ancient

Then they are made [by] daugter;son in law by Raja Nagur and hereinafter builds empires:

* Silou ( Ancient of Fishpond)

* Tanoh Djawa ( Sinaga)

* Great ( Saragih)

During finite ke-13 century of ke-15, this small empires gets attack from other empires like Singhasari, Majapahit, Rajendra Chola ( India) and from Acheh Sultan, finite Malay Sultans of Dutch.

During this period, the is story " Hattu nickel Sapar" what describes situation eeriness of that moment where chaos followed by rampant of finite cholera disease of they wade " Sea Bargains" ( mention for Danau Toba) to evacuate to island named by Samosir which is abbreviation of Sahali Misir ( language Simalungun, mean once go).

When this refugee returns to its(the origin soil;land;ground ( huta hasusuran), they find area Nagur which is silent, causing is named empire power area of Nagur as nickel simas Lungun, language Simalungun for silent area, and over and over becomes Simalungun. ( MD Purba, 1997)

Some sources also express that name of Simalungun given by outsider because its(the resident is very rare and its(the place is hardly berjauhan between that one with other.

[ edit] Sorrowful

During Dutch arrival, kings in area Simalungun performs [a] resistance. Famous king performs [a] resistance between it is Raja Rondahaim from Raya and Raja Naualuh ( Nawaluh) from Siantar. Because limitation in weapons area and logistics, finally resistance of the kings can be terminated Dutch with signing Korte Verklaring ( Agreement of Short) the year 1907.

This agreement signing effect, the kings feels sorrowful feeling of necessity signs the document though not ready to subjugated to government of Dutch, and compromises lifts name of Simalungun as name representing sorrowful feeling of they.


There is various sources about genesis Suku Simalungun, but mostly telling that ancestors Suku Simalungun comes from outside Indonesia.

This arrival divided in 2 wave [ 1]:

1. First wave ( Proto of Simalungun), estimated comes from Nagore ( South India) and mountain Assam ( East India) around century 5, fringes Myanmar, to Siam and Malaka henceforth cross to East Sumatra and builds empire of Nagur from Raja dynasty Damanik.

2. Second wave ( Deutero Simalungun), comes from terms around Simalungun which neigbour upon (with) of original tribe Simalungun.

At waving above Proto Simalungun, Mr. Taralamsyah Saragih tells that group consisted of by descendant from 4 Big kings from this Sumatranese peripatetic Siam and India of East to Acheh area, Langkat, area Bangun Purba, finite to Bandar Kalifah until Batubara.

Then they insisted on by local tribe so peripatetic to lake outskirts Toba and Samosir.


Pematang Siantar

Pematang Siantar is situated 128 km southeast of Medan. lt is the second largest city in North Sumatra. Along the road which passes through the Pematang Siantar area are the big plantations that have made this region rich. There are kilometres of well lined - up rubber and cacao trees. Oil palms are grown also, on either side of the road. The potentials of this region have been well developed. Parapat - Lake Toba The town of Parapat is situated in a large bay of the Lake Toba.

Parapat is the main tourist town of the province - one of Nort Sumatra's greatest attractions. Located 176 km from Medan on the northern shore of the Lake, it can be reached after a 3 to 4 hour trip from Medan by taxi or bus. There is a constant flow of buses and boats to and from Parapat because of its position as the main centre of the area. From here, a postcard shot of the Lake can be taken, especially in the evening.
Lake Toba is one of the largest and most beautiful lakes in the world, originating from an early volcanic eruption. The area of the lake covers approximately 1707 square kilometres, at an altitude of 906 rnetres above sea level. In the middle of the Lake is the famous island, Samosir measuring 627 square kilometres, which is home to the fierce but warm-hearted Toba Batak people.


Pematang Purba

Located about 140 kilometres from Medan, this village of the Simalungun Batak tribe is almost 200 years old. It is rather different from Lingga village, another ancient Batak village located in the Karo highlands.

Pematang Purba has been restored as an open museum, as the traditional village of the Simalungun tribal chiefs. The 'long house' was the dwelling place of the chief and his wives centuries ago. Made of teak boards and standing on poles, the main building is decorated with carved ornaments, painted in the traditional Batak colours of red, black and white. On the wall that once protected the compound, unfortunately nothing is left.



Haranggaol is located on the western side of Lake Toba. It lies between lush, green hills and you can enjoy a fantastic view of the lake. From Haranggaol, you can cross the lake to Parapat or Samosir Island by boat. There is a traditional boat that goes around the island, stopping every few hundred feet to take in more passengers. Most of the local inhabitants are Bataks of the Simalungun tribe. They live from the agriculture of shallots and garlic. Some recreational activities such as fishing, swimming, canoeing, and motor boats are offered here.



Tigaras is a tourist object situated on the shore of the east side of Lake Toba. The air here is pleasantly cool and refreshing. Tigaras is 48 km away from Pematang Siantar. The pier of Tigaras serves as a gateway from Samosir Island to East Sumatra. Recreational sports such as swimming, canoeing and fishing are offered.



Lying high up on the hillside, Simarjarunjung has a cool and refreshing climate. From here you can enjoy panoramic views up and beyond Lake Toba and watch the beautiful colours of a sunset. You can see the microwave station, Tao Isle, Samosir Island, the village of Tigaras and even Parapat, far in the distance. Simarjarunjung is located 40 km from Pematang Siantar.


Tanjung Unta

Tanjung Unta is situated on the shore of Lake Toba and is another one of the tourist objects in the Simalungun regency. It offers a fantastic view of the Lake Toba. Tanjung Unta lies about 25 km from the Toba Kohang Road.


Liang Atas Cave

This cave is also located on the shore of Lake Toba, about 2 km away from Tigaras village. Inside the cave you can see many stalactites and stalagmites.


Toba Kohang Tourist Road

This is a passway from Tigarunggu - Simarjarunjung - Tanjung Dolok - Parapat. It is, in fact, a short cut from Medan - Berastagi to Parapat without stopping over in Pematang Siantar. The distance is only 45 km. This constitutes the ring road of Lake Toba and on this trip you can enjoy the beautiful blue green hillside scenery.


Karang Sari

Karang Sari lies about 17 km from Pematang Siantar. It is a pleasant place for recreation. Many local tourists from Pematang Siantar come to visit the area. There is a river here where water sports such as swimming, waterbiking, and fishing are offered You can buy fruits such as durian, rambutan, mangoes and salak, which are sold in abundance here during the fruit season.


Keramat Qubah

This is a object which is visited by many visitors, especially Chinese. One of the interesting things here are the wild monkeys which roam freely about the place. It is, located in the town of Perdagangan, 40 km from Pematang Siantar.


Simalungun Museum

Located in the Simalungun region, it is visited by many domestic and foreign tourists. The museum houses an extensive and interesting collection of objects dating from the times of the ancient Simalungun kingdom.